Nitish Kumar was recently in Delhi and had a meeting with Opposition leaders to look at the possibility of forming an unifront to confront the BJP
Mr. Kumar has split with the BJP last month , and later formed the government of Bihar with the help of TejashwiYadav’s Rashtriya Janata Dal and the Congress and has been requesting the special treatment for Bihar from 2007. The issue has been brought up from the Janata Dal (United) leader in order to score political points prior to elections and other times to exert pressure on his allies of BJP.
If a state receives an exemption status, then the central-state financing ratio for centrally-sponsored plans is 90/10, which is much more favorable than the ratio applicable to other states.
There are currently 11 states that are special category in the country which include Arunachal Pradesh Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir (now an Union Territory), Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tripura and Uttarakhand.
The Constitution doesn’t contain any specific category for states. However the body known as National Development Council that was part of the now defunct planning commission had suggested an exclusive status for these 11 states based upon several elements.
A reply from the government to Parliament outlined the reasons for this as being the terrain is difficult and hilly high population density, large percentages of tribal populations Strategic location near borders with neighboring nations, infrastructural and economic backwardness , and the non-viable nature of the state’s finances.
The idea of special status for states was eliminated after the government embraced the recommendations of the 14th Finance Commission. But, Bihar, Odisha and Jharkhand remain firm on the idea, citing their inequalities and poverty.
In terms of politics, Nitish Kumar making such an announcement shows that even though the politician may have claimed that he doesn’t have any plans to become a Prime Minister but he is able to see him as an important figure in any opposition front that could be formed to challenge the BJP.